If you read in a slumped position, you cannot stay awake long. You will discover how important it is to keep the right posture...
As opposed to some of the more extreme positions that appeared (emphasising severe austerities or sensual indulgence) he taught what he called the 'middle way', emphasising moderation, calmness and non-forcing.
He taught that there are no absolute "things", there are only processes in a constant state of change (annica); that there is no fixed or permanent essence or soul (annata); and that suffering is inherent to life (dukkha) (the Three Marks of Existence).
This mindfulness leads not to an experience but to a total shift in the way we relate to all experiences.
This shift is referred to in the Yogācāra tradition as parāvṛtti, "turning around”.
Over the centuries, Ch'an spread to Japan where it become known as Zen, taking with it the rich combination of physical and energetic practices known variously as yoga, Qigong, and Tao Yin. E., Yogācāra (literally "yoga practice") is one of the two main philosophical systems that underlies Zen, and includes the Lankavatara Sutra mentioned above.
It contains a sophisticated psychology of awakening and emphasises the practice of mindfulness.
Originating with the mahasiddhas of India, it was brought to Tibet in the eighth century by the great master Padmasambhava and transmitted to the Tibetan Dzogchen master Vairochana.
Its practice is nowadays found in all schools of Tibetan Buddhism.
It is mindfulness of the body." (Anguttara Nikaya, sutta I, 21.) Thus mindfulness of the body is the direct way to liberation and the end of suffering.
Zen yoga practice is primarily concerned with the body and sensations, and observing life as a process in a constant state of change, so is in direct line with the Buddha's method of awakening. when walking, standing, sitting, falling asleep, waking up, talking, & remaining silent, he makes himself fully alert.
In the Satipatthana Sutta, the Buddha described four foundations (or bases) of mindfulness – mindfulness of the body, of sensations, of the mind, and of dharmas (i.e.