Although the formulation of gum bases is considered proprietary information for industry competitors, three main components make up all gum bases: resin, wax, and elastomer. To soften gum by increasing flexibility and reducing brittleness by altering the glass transition temperature.Quantities of this additive are altered in order to balance processability and packaging speed.Colgan also lead the way in the manufacturing and packaging of chicle-based chewing gum, derived from Manilkara chicle, a tropical evergreen tree.
Each of the early precursors to chewing gum were derived from natural growths local to the region and were chewed purely out the instinctual desire to masticate.
Early chewers did not necessarily desire to derive nutritional benefits from their chewable substances, but at times sought taste stimuli and teeth cleaning or breath-freshening capabilities.
Curtis developed and sold the first commercial chewing gum called The State of Maine Pure Spruce Gum.
In this way, the industrializing West, having forgotten about tree gums, rediscovered chewing gum through the First Americans.
Chewing gum is a soft, cohesive substance designed to be chewed without being swallowed.
Modern chewing gum is composed of gum base, sweeteners, softeners/plasticizers, flavors, colors, and, typically, a hard or powdered polyol coating.
The American Indians chewed resin made from the sap of spruce trees.
The New England settlers picked up this practice, and in 1848, John B.
Modern chewing gum was first developed in the 1860s when chicle was brought from Mexico by the former President, General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, to New York, where he gave it to Thomas Adams for use as a rubber substitute.
Chicle did not succeed as a replacement for rubber, but as a gum, which was cut into strips and marketed as Adams New York Chewing Gum in 1871. after chicle no longer satisfied the needs of making good chewing gum. The molecular composition of gum base is very similar to that of plastics and rubbers.
Around 1850 a gum made from paraffin wax, which is a petroleum product, was developed and soon exceeded the spruce gum in popularity.