Biblical archaeology is the discipline occupied with the scientific investigation and recovery of the material remains of past cultures that can illuminate the times and descriptions of the Bible, a broad swathe of time between 2000 BC and 100 AD.Other authors prefer to talk about the "archaeology of Palestine" and to define the relevant territories as those to the east and west of the River Jordan.Vicente Vilar expands on this point by stating that archaeology is both art and science: as an art it searches for the material remains of ancient civilizations and tries to reconstruct, as far as possible, the environment and the organizations of one or many historical epochs; It might be thought that archaeology would have to disregard the information contained within religions and many philosophical systems.
Written in Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek, they contain biblical and apocryphal works, prayers and legal texts and sectarian documents.
The Walls of Jericho: A stratum of burnt matter relating to the City-IV destruction has been dated to 1617–1530 BC at the end of the Middle Bronze Age.
Asia Minor, Macedonia, Greece and Rome have greater connections with the stories from the New Testament.
In the same way that the spatial criteria vary according to the various points of view of the different researchers, there are also a variety of dates that are of interest.
One of the sources of greatest dispute is the period when kings ruled Israel and more generally the historicity of the Bible.
It is possible to define two loose schools of thought regarding these areas: biblical minimalism and maximalism, depending on whether the bible is considered to be a non-historical, religious document or not.Regarding this, Kaswalder has noted that previously the American and Israeli school of biblical archaeology saw archaeology as proof of the veracity of the biblical stories, as can be seen in the work of authors of the stature of William F. There are many points of view regarding the exact extent of this area, however, biblical archaeology specifically concentrates on the Land of Israel, Palestine and Jordan, the area called the southern Levant.Many researchers are also interested in other areas that are mentioned in the biblical tales and which have a great importance for their connecting thread: Egypt, Syria and Mesopotamia which are of interest to scientists interested in the Tanakh.The two schools are not separate units but form a continuum, making it difficult to define different camps and limits.However, it is possible to define points of difference, although these differences seem to be decreasing over time.It contains remains of The Walls of Jericho, which were destroyed either by an earthquake or a siege.