USSR launches Sputnik, first artificial earth satellite.
Various ISPs suffer extended service outages, bringing into question whether they will be able to handle the growing number of users.
AOL (19 hours), Netcom (13 hours), AT&T World Net (28 hours - email only) The Internet Ad Hoc Committee announces plans to add 7 new generic Top Level Domains (g TLD): .firm, .store, .web, .arts, .rec, .info,
29 additional post-testbed registrars are also selected on 21 April, followed by 8 on 25 May, 15 on 6 July, and so on for a total of 98 by year's end.
The testbed, originally scheduled to last until 24 June, is extended until 10 September, and then 30 November.
formed by General Atomics (CERFnet), Performance Systems International, Inc. (Alter Net), as NSF lifts restrictions on the commercial use of the Net (March) (:glg:) Countries connecting to NSFNET: Antarctica (AQ), Cameroon (CM), Cyprus (CY), Ecuador (EC), Estonia (EE), Kuwait (KW), Latvia (LV), Luxembourg (LU), Malaysia (MY), Slovenia (SI), Thailand (TH), Venezuela (VE) Countries connecting to NSFNET: Bulgaria (BG), Costa Rica (CR), Egypt (EG), Fiji (FJ), Ghana (GH), Guam (GU), Indonesia (ID), Kazakhstan (KZ), Kenya (KE), Liechtenstein (LI), Peru (PE), Romania (RO), Russian Federation (RU), Turkey (TR), Ukraine (UA), UAE (AE), US Virgin Islands (VI) Trans-European Research and Education Network Association (TERENA) is formed by the merger of RARE and EARN, with representatives from 38 countries as well as CERN and ECMWF.
TERENA's aim is to "promote and participate in the development of a high quality international information and telecommunications infrastructure for the benefit of research and education" (October) After noticing that many network software vendors used in their documentation examples, Bill Woodcock and Jon Postel register the domain.The NPL network, an experiment in packet-switching, used 768kbps lines Ray Tomlinson of BBN invents email program to send messages across a distributed network.The original program was derived from two others: an intra-machine email program (SENDMSG) and an experimental file transfer program (CPYNET) (:amk:irh:) Project Gutenberg is started by Michael Hart with the purpose of making copyright-free works, including books, electronically available.Hobbes' Internet Timeline Copyright (c)1993-2018 by Robert H Zakon.Permission is granted for use of this document in whole or in part for non-commercial purposes as long as this Copyright notice and a link to this document, at the archive listed at the end, is included.Outage took place between and EST on 12 December The concept and plan for a national US research and education network is proposed by Gordon Bell et al in a report to the Office of Science and Technology, written in response to a congressional request by Al Gore.