According to the Egyptian theologians, it represented the spine of Osiris." (H. The symbol was afterwards so conventionalized as to represent four columns seen in perspective, one capital overlapping another; it thus became the image of the four pillars which uphold the world." (Ibid, p. 1, Plate 4), but its natural origin is of less interest than its spiritual signification. 22 CORRESPONDENCES OF EGYPT, THE SACRED SYMBOLS general for (a) the Tree of Life, which figures so prominently in all the ancient mythologies, and that in prophetic anticipation it signifies (b) the glorified body of the Risen Lord, who Himself is the Tree of Life. "It has been taken for a kind of Nilometer, or a sculptor's or modeler's stand, or a painter's easel, or an altar with four superimposed tables, or a sort of pedestal bearing four door-lintels, or a series of four columns placed one behind another, of which the capitals only are visible, one above the other, etc. Maspero himself believes that it represents "the trunk of a tree, disbranched, and then set up in the ground. Budge, on the other hand, is certain that it is "intended to indicate the four branches of a roof-tree of a house, which were turned to the four cardinal points." (G. Others, again, hold that it represents "the sycamore tree, in the trunk of which the body of Osiris was hidden by Isis," but all agree that "it became a symbol of the highest religious importance," (W. Comparing the various pictures of the "Tree of Degrees," we have become convinced that it was originally a representation of a palm-tree, (Fig. Hence we often find the "tet" represented in the form of the mummied body of Osiris, holding the flagellum and the shepherd's crook.
The second degree, which is represented with a pair of eyes, clearly signifies the spiritual heaven, the heaven of intelligence. The "tet" itself shows a pair of arms and the usual three degrees, above which a scarab is standing with its forelegs raised in adoration of a higher sun.
And since it is the Divine of the Lord that makes Heaven, the "tet" also represents (c) Heaven in its three degrees, as pictured, somewhat grotesquely, in Fig. The lowest degree, which is furnished with two horizontal lines, appears to signify the natural heaven with its two divisions. 253), shows a man kneeling upon the earth and upholding the "tet" with his hands; above his head is a small sun.
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ptah, as a mummy, with face and hands bare, represents the letter of the Word, which in itself would be dead but for the spiritual truth which in some places shines through it, (compare S. Sometimes it was furnished with a pair of wings, or wings and legs, or with a pair of arms in a worshipping attitude (Fig. It is usually seen as a single eye, either the left or the right, but very often both eyes are represented, and sometimes it is seen in triple or quadruple forms.
The staff, as has been shown, represents the Divine Truth in ultimates. The pillar behind him represents the Word in the heavens, i. The "symbolic eye," called "utat or "utchat," is one of the most common of the symbols and is frequently found as an amulet made of glazed faience, wood, precious stones, silver, or gold, Whole necklaces, made of nothing but these eyes, were wrapped around the mummies within and also outside the cloth wrapping, and in the inscriptions the eye was placed wherever the emblem of "understanding" seemed appropriate.
Little models of ships were preserved in the reliquaries of the churches throughout the Middle Ages and may still be seen in some of the old country churches in Europe, (the present writer has seen it more than once), and it is quite possible that the term "the nave" of a church (from navis, ship), is derived from this source.
This was observed also in Rome, in the festival of Minerva on the Nineteenth day of June, and the reason was that Minerva or Pallas Athene represents Divine Doctrine, springing immediately from the brow of Divine Wisdom, and a boat signifies the same, -- Divine Doctrine drawn from the Word, laden within with the good things of spiritual life. This religious significance of a boat or ship was carried over into the Christian Church, without any understanding of its meaning.
Its very form suggests at once something "standing forth," and, like Amen-Ra himself, it represents in fact the Divine Existere, the Divine in its first manifestation and proceeding out of the Infinite Esse. 9930), and the Divine Good, from which is the Divine Wisdom, (E.272). , signifies the Divine Wisdom from His Divine Love, (R. The reason a crown signifies wisdom is that all things which clothe a man derive their signification from that part of p. symbol of heaven as the "maximus homo." Another very common symbol is the Pillar or "Tree of Degrees," of which thousands of little images, in clay or stone, have been found in the mummy cases.