Both studies showed that the trendiness and excitement of the app were larger drivers of its use than motivations that relate to what most users believe to be its purpose (dating/sex).
It can also help to fulfill our needs for self-worth. On the other hand, not receiving matches could damage self-worth, and in fact, Le Febvre found that lack of success on Tinder, including not receiving matches, was one of the main reasons users quit the app. In Le Febvre's qualitative study, 77% of the respondents indicated that they had met a match in person at some point, with the average participant reporting 4.58 offline meetings with matches.
Another 12.6% said they had hooked up but it didn’t involve sexual intercourse and another 65.6% said their hookups did involve sexual contact.
Participants in the Dutch study seemed to be less successful on Tinder.
Slightly fewer than half of the participants (45.5%) had gone on an offline date with a match, and 18.6% reported having had a one-night stand.
You might also be wondering how Tinder users' motives for using the app relate to their actual use of the app.
Le Febvre's qualitative data couldn't really address this question, but Sumter and colleagues were able to examine the association between Tinder use motives and participants' likelihood of going on a Tinder date or having a Tinder hookup.
And in fact, 37% reported that a Tinder date led to an exclusive dating relationship. Well, these participants did do plenty of hooking up.
Of those who met a Tinder match in person, only 21.8% indicated that they had never hooked up.
So someone might primarily have joined Tinder because it seemed like the cool thing to do, but they might also have a desire to meet a potential romantic partner or hookup.
In another recent study, by Sindy Sumter and colleagues, a sample of 163 Dutch Tinder users rated the extent to which various motives described their reasons for using Tinder.
In the popular media, Tinder very much has the reputation of being a "hookup" app, designed to facilitate fleeting sexual encounters.
At the peak of the Tinder hype, an article in The study mostly involved open-ended questions regarding users' motivations for and experiences using the app.
The researchers then used a statistical technique to group those ratings into general categories.