The laws in Australia have evolved from the English common law offense of rape, but have gradually changed, especially in the late 20th century.This stands in contrast to reported rape rate of 1.2 per 100,000 in Japan, 1.8 per 100,000 in India, 4.6 rapes per 100,000 in Bahrain, 12.3 per 100,000 in Mexico, 24.1 per 100,000 in United Kingdom, 28.6 per 100,000 in United States, 66.5 per 100,000 in Sweden, and the world's highest rate of 114.9 rapes per 100,000 in South Africa.
due to laws against premarital sex), and doubt in local law enforcement.
A United Nations statistical report compiled from government sources showed that more than 250,000 cases of rape or attempted rape were recorded by police annually. Most rape research and reporting to date has been limited to male-female forms of rape.
Non-consensual sexual penetration is termed "Rape" in Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, and Tasmania; "Sexual Assault" in New South Wales; "Sexual intercourse without consent" in the ACT and the Northern Territory; "Sexual penetration without consent" in Western Australia.
All these offenses are gender neutral and applicable in marriage.
It does not, and of course cannot, include cases of rape which go unreported or unrecorded.
It does not specify whether recorded means reported, brought to trial, or convicted.Each entry is based on that country's definition of rape, which varies widely throughout the world.The list does not include the estimated rape statistics of the countries, per year, such as South Africa having 500,000 rapes per year, Rape in Afghanistan is a crime which can be legally prosecuted, but in practice it is very rarely reported, because of the immense risks that women face if they report it.Prevalence of reasons for not reporting rape differ across countries.They may include fear of retaliation, uncertainty about whether a crime was committed or if the offender intended harm, not wanting others to know about the rape, not wanting the offender to get in trouble, fear of prosecution (e.g.Bangladesh has received criticism for its employment of the "two-finger test" in rape investigations.