We needed to make a selection of the too many sites of the underground Rome dealing with the theme of the deaths. On one face of the pyramid there is an inscription which states that it took 330 days to complete the construction.
We think anyway that our choice is more than enough to spend ... Thanks to recent restoration work, the interior can now be visited and where one can see the 21 centuries old frescoes paintings.
Located exactly just below Piazza Navona, it is where the Emperor Domitian imported in Rome these Greek customs: sports and athletic competition in the Stadium coupled with artistic and literary events in the Theatre located nearby (Odeon). There is no doubt however that the Catacombs of St. Today in Rome there have been discovered 57 Christian Catacombs and 6 Jewish ones for a total of 63 Catacombs. Romans started to import the cult of the pharaons and there was a veritalbe passion of the Pyramids with several ones.
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1)We incorporated in this section those cultual buildings where not only the Christian adepts but also the Pagans elected to worship their Gods, having religious purposes. As "Forum", there was not existing only the Roman Forum.
In this way, which is the definition and the context of Temples or Sanctuaries or Parish churches in the first centuries of the common era? There were different Forums for commerical use: meat, slaves, fish, olive oil and herbs.
Some of the great fresco walls left are depicting the history of St. It is uncertain if Santa Cecilia suffered her martyrdom right here.
Benedict, therefore it is pertinent to restoration carried out by the Pope Gregory III (731-741). The soils are made out of different marble and mosaics; seven round brick basins in the pavement are showing clearly that this ambient was used as a tannery. Originally considered as a Solar God and protector of the pacts among tribes, god of oaths in Persia, in ancient Rome gradually assumed a military character with lots of mystical, mysterious and redemptive aspects.
in Trastevere, it is a great example of how many different periods have left traces over the centuries. Pagan images and reliefs are mixed with Christian sargophagi and crosses as a witness of the passage between the Pagan to the Christian Religion., it has plenty of frescoes of Middle Ages in the underground Basilica erected in two phases, then one goes deeper and deeper visiting also the Mithraic Temple and School (3rd level) to the third location of the Roman mint (4th level). Originated in Persia several centuries before Christ, its cult spread out in Greece and then in Rome in Ist Cent. Mythra was born 3 days after the Winter Solstice (December 25th, Natalis Solis) emerging from the solid cave-vault of the heaven in the form of light.
It goes back from a building of the Republican Age (IInd Cent. In the upper Basilica, there is one of the top 5 mosaics done in the Eternal City, 1124 A. The cult of Mythra was performed inside natural or artificial caves and grottoes, being an allusion to the movements of the planets and the cosmos.
This small section is dedicated to these amusements. were incorporated into a bigger one of the 4th with frescos and mosaics and then on top of which was erected the first of the two Basilicas. were used probably at the same time for the Christian rituality and the Pagan cults, reflecting the spirit of that time and the mix, not confusion, of the religions presence in the Eternal City. They were ancient underground passageways or subterranean cemeteries, made out of narrow tunnels handmade.
It was the largest and the most spectacular house ever built in the Roman civilization, thanks to the discussed, crazy and ambiguous Emperor Nero. It's a wonderful place to visit.derives from the Mausoleum of Maussollos (near modern-day Bodrum in Turkey), the grave of King Mausollos, the Persian satrap of Caria, whose large tomb was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The first burial galleries to be referred to as catacombs lie beneath the Basilica of St.
Before the digging had gone very far, the workmen came upon some ancient remains; and the simple replacement of the floor turned into a complex project of excavation that went on for several years.
Like almost every building in the heart of Rome, San Pietro in Vincoli was built over layers of other constructions.
In 1303 is was incorporated into the fortified Castle of the Caetani Family of Pope Bonifacius VIII (Castrum Caetani) and became the principal tower of that fortification. The Mausoleum and the Medieval Castle offer an interesting view of the construction techniques from the Republic of Rome to the Middle Ages The Archaeological Park of the Tombs of Via Latina, one of the top three funerary complexes of the Rome, still keeps the traditional aspect of the ancient Roman countryside practically intact along the Old Via Latina. It was later bought by Pomponius Hylas for himself and his wife, and he added the mosaic panel over the entrance steps, which is decorated with griffins and reads: CN(aei) POMPONI HYLAE E(t) POMPONIAE CN(aei) L(ibertae) VITALINIS (To Cnaeus Pomponius Hylas and Pomponia Cnaeus the freedwoman of Vitalinus).