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Graphite is used for pencil tips, high temperature crucibles, dry cells, electrodes and as a lubricant.

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In 1772 he pooled resources with other chemists to buy a diamond, which they placed in a closed glass jar.

They focused the sun’s rays on the diamond with a remarkable giant magnifying glass and saw the diamond burn and disappear.

Graphene has a 2D crystal structure.(Fullerenes can sometimes exist in amorphous form.) Carbon can also exist in an amorphous state.

Many allotropes commonly described as amorphous, however, such as glassy carbon, soot, or carbon black usually have enough structure to not be truly amorphous.

Tennant also proved that when equal weights of charcoal and diamonds were burned, they produced the same amount of carbon dioxide.

Although it had been previously attempted without success, in 1955 American scientist Francis Bundy and coworkers at General Electric finally demonstrated that graphite could be transformed into diamond at high temperature and high pressure.Diamond’s high thermal conductivity is the origin of the slang term ‘ice.’ At typical room temperatures your body temperature is higher than the room’s – including any large diamonds you may just happen to have lying around.If you touch any of these diamonds, their high thermal conductivity carries heat away from your skin faster than any other material.Although crystalline nanotubes have been observed, they are generally amorphous.The structures of eight allotropes are shown at the bottom of this page.Your brain interprets this rapid transfer of heat energy away from your skin as meaning you are touching something very cold – so diamonds at room temperature can feel like ice.

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