I have chosen instead to provide a chronology of significant works and their authors with a view to providing a sense of how perspectives on Geology changed over time.
The modern period has been marked by an enormous expansion of the detailed knowledge of the geological history of the Earth and the processes that have acted during that history.
Many authors choose to present the history of a complex subject by breaking it up into major threads and following the history of each thread separately.
His account was plausible by the immature standards of the Science of his times; however it quite definitely did not match the Biblical account of a completed creation in six days.
In the 1700's belief in a 6000 year old Earth crumbled.
In 1637 Descartes produced a cosmogony that was highly influential for more than a century. It was not in their estimates of the age of the Earth - Descartes retained the biblical date.
Ussher accepted the Biblical account at face value, relying on the Biblical genealogies and on extant historical records.
He implicitly assumed that the world was created much as it is now.
Descartes, however, attempted to discern a physical history of the Earth.
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co.